Thaddeus Stevens born April 4, 1792; died August 11, 1868.
Thaddeus Stevens was a lawyer, US Congressmen, Pennsylvania Congressmen, abolitionist, businessman, orator, and philanthropist. After an impassioned speech in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1835 in support of the Free School Bill the legislation was passed and Stevens became known as the Savior of Free Public Education in Pennsylvania.
An ardent abolitionist Stevens was the framer of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments which serves as the basis for all civil rights legislation. The 13th amendment ended slavery in all states. During the Civil War and Reconstruction Stevens was the most powerful congressman in the capitol.